Keeping your child safe is your top priority. Learn how to protect your child inside the house and out, what to do in an emergency, how to stock a first-aid kit, where to call for help, and more.
What is Choking?
Choking is the most common cause of respiratory emergencies. There are many reasons why a person could be choking. Some of the main reasons are that they were trying to swallow large pieces of food, or they were walking, or palying with an object in their mouth.
Signs and Symptoms:
If is easy to tell if a person is choking because they will usually have their hands around their throat. They will also be trying to talk but will not be able to. If the person is getting a little air into the lungs they will be coughing. Encourage them to continue to cough to clear the airways.
How To Help:
When a victim is choking you goal is to reestablish air into the lungs. To do this you will perform the Heimlich Maneuver. The Heimlich Maneuver compress the abdomen higher in the cavity. In other words, it forces the object out. To perform the Heimlich an a conscious adult, wrap your arms around their waist. Making a fist with one hand place it thumb side against the middle of the victim's abdomen. With your fist give quick, upward thrust. Repeat this until the object is dislodged or the victim becomes unconscious. If a victim is unconscious or becomes unconscious first open the mouth by lifting the jaw. If the object is visible in the mouth, try to sweep the object out with you finger. Next, try to give to breaths to get air into the lungs. If this does not work perform the Heimlich again by straddling the victim thighs. Place a fist below the breastbone and place the other hand on top of the fist. Like before give quick, upward thrust into the abdomen. Continue until the victim can breath again or until the EMT arrives.
It is not to be used as your only guide for CPR unless in emergency situations. Please use this only as a guideline for the proper steps in CPR. For more information please contact your local Heart Association or Red Cross for class information.
More at. http://www.learncpr.org/
Immediate treatment for almost all acute athletic injuries is Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation (RICE). Rest is instituted immediately to minimize hemorrhage, injury and swelling. Ice causes dermal vasoconstriction and helps limit inflammation and reduce pain. Compression and elevation help limit edema.
The injured part should be elevated. A bag that is chemically cooled or filled with chipped or crushed ice (which will conform better than ice cubes to body contours) should be placed on a towel over the injured part. An elastic bandage should be wrapped over the ice bag and around the injured part, loosely enough to permit blood flow. After 10 min, the wrapping and the ice bag should be removed, but the injured part should be kept elevated. After a further 10 min, the ice bag and the wrapping should be replaced. Ten minutes with and without ice should be alternated for 60 to 90 mi. This procedure can be repeated several times during the first 24h.
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